عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The current study was conducted to compare thinking styles, attribution style, Optimism and pessimism in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder and normal people. It was an ex post facto design. Population included patients with ODC who were referred to psychiatric clinics of Ardabil in 1391. Forty patients having OCD were compares with forty normal participants. In order to collect data, OCD questionnaire, Maudsley practical, Sternberg thinking style questionnaire, Seligman attribution style questionnaire the revised and life- directional questionnaire were administered. The collected data were analyzed by multivariate analysis of variance. In accordance with the findings, the individuals having obsessive thinking styles had more functional impairment than normal individuals. Also individuals possessing obsessive-compulsive disorder were more pessimistic, internal and stable in attribution style. The most predictive variables were optimism and pessimism, respectively. These results demonstrated the prominent role of thinking styles, attribution styles, optimism and pessimism in forming and developing obsessive- compulsive disorder.