عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
A large group of women is likely to experience depression during the childbearing years and these invalidate unconditional welfare myth in pregnancy. Prevalence of depression during pregnancy is approximately 7/4%, in the first trimester 12/8% during the second trimester and finally 12% in the third trimester. Different Pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments have been provided, but the overall acceptability of antidepressants among this group is low. Several studies have suggested that CBT and IPT, which were compared their effectiveness in this research. The study population comprised all pregnant women that came to Reproductive Health Research Center of Vali-Asr. In order to sample selection, available sampling method was used. Then 24 participants randomly selected and randomly assigned into two groups with 12 members (CBT-G and IPT-G). Both Groups in 8 sessions were run weekly. To collect data Demographic inventory and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were used. Numerous studies have proven its reliability and validity. Analysis of variance (ANCOVA) was used to analyze the data.
* Doctoral Student in Counseling; University of Allameh Tabatabaee, (Corresponding Author)
** Professor in Counseling; University of Allameh Tabatabaee
*** Associate Professor in Reproduction; Tehran University of Medical Science
**** Associate Professor in Reproduction; University of Allameh Tabatabaee
***** Associate Professor in Reproduction; University of Allameh Tabatabaee
Statistical analysis of ANCOVA to test the hypothesis that the value of F calculated for groups (42/14 = F) with degrees of freedom (18 and 1=df), the critical value of F at a significance level of 0/05 is larger. Thus, the lower scores of post-test of CBT group means compared to that IPT group, can be concluded that CBT reduced depression of participants more than IPT.
Review and comparison with results of other studies, the findings of this study suggest that CBT can be generally as preferred treatment for depressed pregnant women to use. Reasons such as having well-structure, short-term period, objective goals, high adaptability to a variety of health and educational populations, task-based, and increasing individual control over their mood swings are among the factors that make cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) a preferred to interpersonal psychotherapy.